Childhood Cancer Facts:

-Childhood cancer is the number one disease killer in children.

-The National Cancer Institutes’ (NCI) federal budget was $4.6
billion. Of that, breast cancer received 12%, prostate cancer received 7%, and all 12 major groups of pediatric cancers combined received less than 3%. The American Cancer Society spends less than 70 cents of each 100 dollars raised on childhood cancer.

-Cancers in very young children are highly aggressive and behave unlike malignant diseases at other times in life. 80% of children have metastasized cancer at the time of their diagnosis. At diagnosis, only 20% of adults with cancer show evidence that the disease has spread or metastasized. Detecting childhood cancers at an early stage, when the disease would react more favorably to treatment, is extremely difficult.

-Cancer symptoms in children  (fever, swollen glands, anemia, bruises and infection) are often suspected to be, and at the early stages are treated as, other childhood illnesses.

-12% of children diagnosed with cancer do not survive.

-Children’s cancer affects all ethnic, gender and socio-economic groups.

-The average age of children diagnosed is six.

-More than 40,000 children undergo treatment for cancer each year.

-60% of children who survive cancer suffer effects later in life, such as infertility, heart failure and secondary cancers.
Types of childhood cancer:

Leukemia – Cancer of the Blood

     Leukemia is a cancer of the blood. Leukemia cells are sick immune blood cells that do not work properly and crowd out healthy blood cells. Leukemias are the most common childhood cancers. Types of leukemia include acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) and acute myeloid leukemia (AML).

*Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia (ALL) - A’niah Butler- Chrisopher Moore
*Acute Myeloid Leukemia (AML)

Lymphoma – Cancer of the Immune System

     The body has a defense system, the immune system. The immune system finds cells that are not healthy or cells that do not belong in the body and destroys them. The immune system stores fighter cells, called lymphocytes, in lymphoid tissues in the body. Lymphoma is a cancer of the immune system and lymphoid tissues. The sick cells do not work properly to protect the body and they crowd out healthy cells of the immune system. Types of lymphomas include Hodgkin disease (or Hodgkin lymphoma) and non-Hodgkin lymphoma.

*Hodgkin Lymphoma
*Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma

Solid Tumors – Cancer of the Bone,
Organs or Tissues

     A solid tumor is a lump of sick cells stuck together. Tumors can develop in many parts of the body including the brain, kidneys, liver and bones. These sick cells crowd out healthy cells and keep them from doing their job. Types of solid tumor cancers include neuroblastoma, Ewing sarcoma and Wilms tumors.

*Sarcoma - Brain Tumor - Weston Rock
*Brain Tumors
*Ewing Sarcoma
*Eye Cancer (Retinoblastoma) - Kilian Rule
*Germ Cell Tumors
*Kidney/Wilms Tumors
*Liver Cancer
*Neuroblastoma - Cam Myers
*Skin Cancer
*Soft Tissue Sarcoma
*Thyroid Cancer
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